Connect with us

INTERNACIONAL

América Latina analiza el futuro de la democracia

El porcentaje de latinoamicanos insatisfechos con el funcionamiento de la democracia ha pasado en menos de una década del 51% al 71%, según el último Latinobarómetro y urge ponerle freno a esta dinámica. Con ese objetivo, el Instituto Internacional para la Democracia y Asistencia Electoral (IDEA Internacional) y la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (Cepal) reúnen en Santiago de Chile a más de cuarenta expertos, intelectuales y dirigentes políticos de la región, Estados Unidos y Europa. Un análisis en profundidad sobre el estado de la democracia en un momento de retos

Invitados como los expresidentes Ricardo Lagos (Chile), Laura Chinchilla (Costa Rica) y Luis Alberto Lacalle (Uruguay) –que formaron parte de la conferencia inaugural– debatirán durante tres días sobre el descalabro de las instituciones y el desafío de recuperar la confianza 40 años después de la tercera ola democrática de Latinoamérica. Es un asunto complejo, considerando que el porcentaje de ciudadanos que se declaran indiferentes entre vivir en un sistema democrático y en uno autoritario ha subido 12 puntos en los últimos ocho años, pasando del 16% al 28%, especialmente entre los jóvenes de 16 a 26 años, según la misma encuesta regional.

“¿Cuál es la causa principal de este descontento y frustración con la democracia?”, se preguntó en la inauguración del evento Daniel Zovatto, director regional para América Latina y el Caribe de IDEA Internacional. A juicio del experto, existen dos razones fundamentales: “Por una parte, las instituciones políticas han quedado desfasadas. Tenemos instituciones del siglo XIX, con paradigmas del siglo XX, para gobernar sociedades complejas del siglo XXI. La segunda causal es la falta de resultados”. De acuerdo a Zovatto, los latinoamericanos no están pidiendo más autoritarismo. “Menos ideologizados, más pragmáticos, menos pacientes y más exigentes, lo que los ciudadanos demandan es que sus gobiernos los escuchen y representen bien, gobiernen con transparencia y den respuesta oportuna y eficaz a sus nuevas expectativas y demandas”.

En la misma línea, la secretaria ejecutiva de la Cepal, Alicia Bárcena, se pregunta: “¿Será que se está exigiendo a las democracias no solo procedimientos de participación, sino que más bien resultados cuantificables en áreas específicas como empleo, seguridad social, educación, igualdad de género, pensiones dignas, seguridad ciudadana, trato a las minorías étnicas?”.

El expresidente Lagos esbozó, por su parte, algunas explicaciones a lo que ocurre en la región, aunque indicó que Latinoamérica enfrenta complejidades similares a las de Estados Unidos y Europa: “Las nuevas tecnologías cambian totalmente la forma de entender y hacer política. En el siglo XX y comienzos del XXI, era vertical: habla el líder y define la línea hacia dónde quiere ir, el partido toma definiciones y la ciudadanía escucha y opina cuando hay elecciones. Hoy en día, en cambio, la política es horizontal”, señaló Lagos, que junto a Chinchilla, Lacalle, el ministro de la Presidencia de Chile, Gonzalo Blumel, y el exministro chileno, Sergio Bitar, inauguraron el evento en la sede de la CEPAL de la capital chilena. Lagos se preguntó por las instituciones políticas que van a surgir como resultados de estas tecnologías y apuntó a un segundo asunto relativo a la economía y a las políticas sociales: “Nos acostumbramos a pensar en una relación estrecha entre el aumento del PIB por habitante, las mejoras económico-sociales y una ciudadanía satisfecha. Pero la globalización tiene ganadores y perdedores”.

El ministro Blumel hizo un llamado a instalar un “cauteloso optimismo” a la hora de discutir sobre el estado de la democracia en la región, porque el mundo actualmente “es mejor que hace 40 años atrás”. Mientras la expresidenta Chinchilla señaló que “más que un desencanto con la democracia, lo que vemos es un desencanto con la política”, el exministro Bitar –miembro del consejo de IDEA internacional– recalcó la importancia de los buenos gobiernos: “La democracia necesita que se gobierne bien. Sin improvisación, con transparencia, con consultas ciudadanas y mayorías políticas. Y América Latina carece de suficientes personas bien formadas política y técnicamente”.

Fenómenos políticos como los de Trump y Bolsonaro fueron frecuentemente nombrados en la conferencia de arranque de este encuentro, donde habrá paneles sobre la nueva agenda de la clase media latinoamericana o la situación de Venezuela, Cuba, Nicaragua y Honduras. Pero también se habló del Brexit. Para el expresidente Lacalle, que gobernó Uruguay entre 1990 y 1995, “el Brexit es una de las pruebas más claras de que hay cosas que no se pueden someter al sí y al no”. “Como si preguntáramos por más impuestos o menos impuestos: ya sabríamos cuál va a ser el resultado”, indicó Lacalle, que no se mostró partidario de aumentar la democracia directa y participativa. “Lo que hay que mejorar es la representación, pero no esquivarla. Cuidado con el plebiscito de todos los días apretando botones y cuidado con los presidentes tuiteros, el striptease del poder”, advirtió el exmandatario.

SIGUE LEYENDO
Advertisement
32 COMENTARIOS

32 Comments

  1. hermes belt

    diciembre 28, 2018 at 8:54 pm

    I together with my friends appeared to be analyzing the great tricks from your website then suddenly I got a horrible suspicion I never thanked the site owner for them. These people appeared to be as a consequence joyful to read them and now have seriously been using those things. I appreciate you for genuinely simply accommodating as well as for figuring out some useful issues millions of individuals are really wanting to know about. Our own honest regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  2. adidas stan smith women

    diciembre 29, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    I simply needed to thank you very much once more. I’m not certain the things that I might have carried out without the hints provided by you about that field. It was actually an absolute frightful scenario in my view, nevertheless being able to view this specialised way you dealt with it forced me to leap for fulfillment. I am happy for your service and even trust you really know what an amazing job that you are getting into training people today via your website. Most probably you haven’t got to know any of us.

  3. stephen curry 5

    diciembre 30, 2018 at 4:11 pm

    I wanted to create you this little remark just to thank you over again for your beautiful techniques you’ve shown at this time. This has been certainly particularly generous of people like you giving unreservedly all that a lot of folks could have offered for an e book to earn some money on their own, most notably considering that you might well have tried it in case you decided. These techniques in addition served as a fantastic way to comprehend many people have similar zeal like my very own to know the truth lots more regarding this issue. I’m sure there are several more pleasurable times ahead for individuals who see your site.

  4. retro jordans

    diciembre 31, 2018 at 12:15 pm

    I in addition to my guys ended up going through the great hints located on your website and then got an awful suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for those strategies. All of the guys appeared to be certainly excited to study them and now have sincerely been having fun with them. Thank you for indeed being considerably thoughtful and for settling on this form of helpful information most people are really needing to learn about. Our own sincere regret for not saying thanks to sooner.

  5. yeezy shoes

    enero 27, 2019 at 12:34 pm

    I want to show some appreciation to you for bailing me out of such a instance. After exploring throughout the world wide web and seeing concepts that were not productive, I figured my life was over. Being alive without the approaches to the issues you’ve resolved by means of the short article is a crucial case, as well as ones which might have adversely affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across the website. Your ability and kindness in taking care of the whole lot was tremendous. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a stuff like this. I can at this moment relish my future. Thanks very much for this impressive and amazing guide. I won’t think twice to suggest your blog to any individual who requires guidelines about this area.

  6. hermes belt

    enero 28, 2019 at 1:53 am

    I want to convey my passion for your kindness for individuals who should have help on your niche. Your personal dedication to passing the solution along has been quite helpful and has consistently empowered women like me to arrive at their ambitions. Your useful report denotes this much to me and even further to my colleagues. Many thanks; from all of us.

  7. goyard handbags

    enero 28, 2019 at 6:25 pm

    Thank you a lot for giving everyone an exceptionally brilliant possiblity to read from here. It is usually very lovely and also stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office acquaintances to search your blog particularly thrice weekly to see the new guidance you have got. And of course, I’m at all times happy with your tremendous concepts served by you. Some 1 points in this posting are undoubtedly the best I’ve had.

  8. adidas ultra boost

    enero 29, 2019 at 4:50 am

    I in addition to my friends were actually looking at the best strategies located on your site while at once developed a terrible suspicion I had not thanked you for those tips. The guys appeared to be as a result excited to read them and have surely been taking advantage of those things. Appreciation for genuinely really accommodating and also for opting for varieties of really good resources most people are really eager to learn about. My sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  9. yeezy

    enero 29, 2019 at 7:31 pm

    I wish to express some appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of this type of issue. Just after searching through the world wide web and getting principles that were not productive, I assumed my entire life was done. Existing without the presence of solutions to the problems you’ve fixed by way of your main article content is a serious case, as well as the kind which could have in a wrong way affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your website. Your natural talent and kindness in maneuvering all the pieces was priceless. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a step like this. I can also at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot very much for this specialized and effective guide. I will not think twice to refer your site to anybody who would like guide about this issue.

  10. reebok shoes

    enero 30, 2019 at 6:01 am

    My spouse and i were quite more than happy when John managed to round up his inquiry while using the ideas he came across in your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic just to happen to be giving for free concepts which people might have been selling. And we also fully understand we have got you to give thanks to because of that. Those illustrations you have made, the easy web site menu, the relationships your site make it possible to engender – it’s got all excellent, and it’s letting our son and us reckon that that theme is awesome, and that’s extremely fundamental. Many thanks for everything!

  11. curry 5

    enero 30, 2019 at 8:49 pm

    I would like to show my appreciation to this writer just for bailing me out of such a trouble. Just after exploring throughout the the net and getting principles which are not beneficial, I figured my entire life was well over. Existing without the solutions to the issues you have solved through your good website is a critical case, and the ones that would have badly damaged my career if I hadn’t encountered your blog post. Your good mastery and kindness in taking care of all the things was very helpful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a thing like this. I am able to now look forward to my future. Thank you very much for this reliable and sensible guide. I won’t hesitate to propose your web page to anyone who will need support about this matter.

  12. nike air max

    enero 31, 2019 at 8:09 am

    I really wanted to develop a comment to appreciate you for all the fantastic strategies you are posting on this site. My incredibly long internet lookup has finally been compensated with high-quality know-how to exchange with my friends. I would repeat that many of us readers actually are unquestionably endowed to dwell in a good site with many perfect individuals with interesting tips and hints. I feel very happy to have come across your entire web page and look forward to many more fabulous moments reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  13. hermes handbags

    enero 31, 2019 at 9:23 pm

    I simply wanted to develop a brief remark in order to thank you for those nice strategies you are posting at this website. My extensive internet investigation has finally been honored with extremely good know-how to write about with my guests. I ‘d claim that we website visitors are truly lucky to be in a great website with so many lovely people with beneficial tips. I feel rather lucky to have come across your webpages and look forward to plenty of more fabulous times reading here. Thank you once more for a lot of things.

  14. lacoste outlet

    febrero 1, 2019 at 8:23 am

    I must express appreciation to you for bailing me out of this particular difficulty. Just after looking out through the online world and coming across thoughts that were not beneficial, I thought my life was gone. Existing without the strategies to the problems you have solved by means of your good short article is a serious case, as well as the kind which may have adversely damaged my career if I had not come across your blog. Your main know-how and kindness in taking care of the whole lot was crucial. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a solution like this. I can also at this point look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time so much for this reliable and amazing guide. I will not hesitate to propose your blog to anybody who should have recommendations about this problem.

  15. nike air force 1 high

    febrero 1, 2019 at 9:26 pm

    I just wanted to write down a small message to thank you for the lovely tips and tricks you are giving on this site. My considerable internet look up has finally been compensated with high-quality ideas to exchange with my family and friends. I ‘d assume that we readers are unequivocally lucky to dwell in a fantastic community with very many brilliant professionals with very helpful tips and hints. I feel quite lucky to have used your entire website page and look forward to tons of more enjoyable times reading here. Thanks a lot again for all the details.

  16. golden goose sneakers

    febrero 2, 2019 at 4:29 pm

    I happen to be commenting to let you understand what a nice experience my friend’s child had using your web page. She even learned a wide variety of issues, including how it is like to have a great giving character to let the mediocre ones quite simply fully understand a number of extremely tough matters. You truly surpassed readers’ desires. I appreciate you for offering the productive, trustworthy, explanatory as well as cool thoughts on that topic to Tanya.

  17. ferragamo belts

    febrero 2, 2019 at 10:12 pm

    I together with my guys ended up taking note of the great tricks on your web site and then then I had an awful feeling I never thanked the blog owner for those techniques. These guys happened to be excited to see all of them and have now in fact been tapping into those things. Many thanks for getting simply thoughtful and for deciding on variety of marvelous subjects most people are really needing to understand about. Our own honest regret for not saying thanks to sooner.

  18. custom baseball jerseys

    febrero 3, 2019 at 9:28 am

    Thank you for your entire efforts on this web site. Betty delights in carrying out research and it’s obvious why. My spouse and i hear all relating to the dynamic means you create invaluable solutions on the blog and in addition welcome contribution from other people on the theme plus our favorite girl is without question learning a great deal. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. You are conducting a splendid job.

  19. adidas outlet

    febrero 3, 2019 at 9:06 pm

    My husband and i have been really delighted that Chris managed to finish off his researching through the entire ideas he received while using the blog. It is now and again perplexing to just always be freely giving thoughts the others may have been trying to sell. We really take into account we need the blog owner to give thanks to for this. The type of explanations you made, the easy blog menu, the relationships you can give support to create – it is many excellent, and it is facilitating our son and us reckon that that subject is entertaining, and that is tremendously important. Thanks for the whole thing!

  20. nike react flyknit

    febrero 4, 2019 at 8:01 am

    I would like to express thanks to this writer for rescuing me from this crisis. Because of scouting through the the web and finding recommendations which were not pleasant, I was thinking my entire life was gone. Being alive minus the approaches to the difficulties you’ve resolved by means of your main article is a critical case, as well as the kind which might have in a wrong way damaged my entire career if I hadn’t come across your website. Your actual know-how and kindness in playing with all the stuff was excellent. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a stuff like this. I can also at this moment relish my future. Thanks for your time very much for your expert and results-oriented guide. I won’t be reluctant to propose the website to anybody who desires counselling on this problem.

  21. yeezy boost 350 v2

    febrero 5, 2019 at 5:08 pm

    I must show appreciation to you just for bailing me out of this setting. Just after looking out throughout the the web and meeting ways which are not productive, I believed my life was well over. Existing devoid of the solutions to the issues you have solved by way of your main guide is a critical case, as well as ones which may have badly affected my career if I hadn’t come across the website. Your good knowledge and kindness in maneuvering all the pieces was tremendous. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t discovered such a solution like this. I’m able to at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot so much for this high quality and effective help. I won’t be reluctant to refer your site to anybody who needs and wants counselling on this issue.

  22. pure boost

    febrero 6, 2019 at 2:25 am

    I am only commenting to let you know of the fine experience my daughter developed visiting the blog. She picked up lots of things, not to mention what it is like to have a wonderful coaching character to have a number of people easily master a variety of very confusing subject matter. You undoubtedly exceeded her expected results. Many thanks for providing those great, healthy, educational and also fun tips on that topic to Sandra.

  23. nike vapormax

    febrero 6, 2019 at 3:34 pm

    I precisely wished to thank you very much yet again. I am not sure the things that I would have achieved in the absence of the entire creative concepts documented by you concerning such a subject matter. It previously was the daunting setting in my opinion, nevertheless seeing a specialised form you solved it made me to cry over contentment. Now i am happier for the guidance and even wish you find out what a powerful job you are always getting into teaching the mediocre ones thru a blog. Most probably you haven’t got to know all of us.

  24. golden goose sneakers

    febrero 7, 2019 at 12:50 am

    Thanks so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily superb opportunity to read critical reviews from this blog. It’s usually so enjoyable plus packed with a great time for me and my office friends to visit your site at least 3 times a week to read the new guidance you have. Not to mention, I am just certainly happy for the powerful guidelines you serve. Certain two points in this post are in truth the most suitable we’ve ever had.

  25. gucci belt

    febrero 7, 2019 at 12:01 pm

    I actually wanted to jot down a small word to be able to thank you for these pleasant tactics you are giving out on this site. My long internet lookup has now been rewarded with awesome know-how to share with my relatives. I ‘d mention that many of us visitors are truly fortunate to live in a perfect community with very many lovely people with interesting tactics. I feel very blessed to have seen your entire website and look forward to really more amazing minutes reading here. Thank you once more for a lot of things.

  26. fitflops sale

    febrero 8, 2019 at 1:25 am

    My husband and i ended up being so delighted Peter managed to deal with his web research through the entire precious recommendations he acquired from your own site. It is now and again perplexing to just be offering helpful tips people could have been selling. Therefore we understand we’ve got the blog owner to thank for that. Most of the explanations you have made, the simple blog navigation, the relationships your site make it easier to engender – it is all exceptional, and it is aiding our son in addition to the family feel that this theme is pleasurable, which is extremely essential. Thank you for all the pieces!

  27. moncler sale

    febrero 8, 2019 at 1:36 pm

    I enjoy you because of all of the effort on this web site. Betty really loves making time for investigation and it is easy to understand why. All of us learn all relating to the compelling way you present both useful and interesting solutions through the blog and as well invigorate contribution from other individuals on that subject matter plus our own child has been becoming educated a great deal. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re the one carrying out a fantastic job.

  28. caterpillar boots

    febrero 9, 2019 at 12:38 am

    I have to point out my admiration for your kind-heartedness for men and women that need help with this area. Your very own dedication to getting the message all-around had become astonishingly useful and has consistently allowed women much like me to attain their endeavors. Your entire important instruction can mean so much a person like me and extremely more to my colleagues. With thanks; from everyone of us.

  29. vans shoes

    febrero 9, 2019 at 11:41 am

    I needed to draft you that tiny observation to help say thanks a lot again for these remarkable techniques you have contributed in this case. It’s wonderfully open-handed with you to supply publicly what most people could possibly have offered as an e book to make some dough for their own end, principally since you might well have tried it in the event you decided. These tips in addition worked like the good way to understand that other people have the same desire like my personal own to see a good deal more with regard to this problem. I’m certain there are many more pleasurable situations ahead for folks who look over your blog.

  30. jordan 11

    febrero 9, 2019 at 11:57 pm

    Thank you a lot for providing individuals with remarkably brilliant possiblity to read from this website. It can be very great and also full of a great time for me personally and my office friends to search your website at least 3 times in 7 days to read through the latest items you will have. And lastly, I’m so always fulfilled concerning the fantastic information served by you. Some 4 facts on this page are undoubtedly the finest we have had.

  31. nike hyperdunk

    febrero 10, 2019 at 12:56 pm

    Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an extraordinarily spectacular possiblity to read critical reviews from here. It’s usually so sweet and as well , jam-packed with a lot of fun for me and my office fellow workers to search your web site minimum thrice every week to see the new guides you have. And lastly, I am just at all times motivated with the mind-blowing techniques served by you. Some 2 points in this post are without a doubt the best I have ever had.

  32. bape hoodie

    febrero 11, 2019 at 1:49 am

    I must voice my love for your kindness in support of persons that really want assistance with this important niche. Your very own commitment to getting the solution all over was extraordinarily good and have always empowered women just like me to arrive at their goals. Your personal interesting guideline indicates much to me and substantially more to my colleagues. Best wishes; from all of us.

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

INTERNACIONAL

Cuatro agentes de la Guardia Nacional de Venezuela desertaron el sábado y cruzaron la frontera hacia Colombia

Cuatro agentes de la Guardia Nacional de Venezuela desertaron el sábado y cruzaron la frontera hacia Colombia, tres de ellos conduciendo un vehículo blindado con el que derribaron las barreras colocadas por el régimen de Nicolás Maduro en un puente fronterizo para bloquear el ingreso al país de la ayuda humanitaria que se encuentra del otro lado de la frontera.

Según videos de la escena, un tumulto de personas que se encontraban en el puente también ayudaron a derribar algunas de las barreras y en medio de la confusión varias personas resultaron heridas, incluyendo una mujer uniformada que sangraba por la cabeza. 

Los guardias nacionales que cruzaron la frontera hacia Colombia parecían formar parte de la barrera que había sido colocada por el régimen de Maduro para bloquear el paso

SIGUE LEYENDO

TWITTER

Clasificados

Trending